Corneal diseases could be of various types. Different reasons may cause corneal diseases such as infection, autoimmune disease, nutritional deficiency or hereditary reasons. Some patients may also suffer corneal problems due to trauma and tumor.
Signs And Symptoms Of Corneal Disease
Some of the common signs of corneal disease are as follows:
- Redness in the eye or cloudy vision.
- Blurred vision
- Severe pain in the eye
- Visual impairment
- Sensitivity to light
- Fatigue and nausea
Who Can Diagnose Corneal Diseaeal Diseases?
If you are looking for the best cornea specialist, you should know about the type of healthcare specialist who can diagnose the problem. Eye doctors are of two types mainly- optometrists and ophthalmologists.
For advanced treatments of corneal problems, one has to consult with an experienced ophthalmologist who has previously treated corneal disease patients.
To avail the most suitable treatment for cornea, one as to find the best eye hospital in India for corneal transplant or other types of treatment procedures. After a thorough diagnosis, the ophthalmologist will be able to suggest the most appropriate treatment to the patient.
Types Of Treatments For Corneal Diseases
Corneal diseases vary from person to person. Thus a doctor has to take all the primary and secondary factors of corneal disease and the health condition of an individual before recommending the right treatment method. Some may require only medications. But in most cases, surgery is done for a permanent solution.
Some of the most common treatment procedures are:
An eye specialist may prescribe contact lenses for patients who have corneal dystrophies. According to the severity of the corneal condition, the doctor recommends the most suitable lens. Some patients who have corneal dystrophies in the early stage also get an option to wear special glasses instead of a lens. But as the condition worsens and if the lens or glasses do not prove helpful, the doctor may recommend a laser treatment or transplant.
The removal of cornea and replacing it to treat the disease is known as the cornea transplant. Patients with iridocorneal endothelial syndrome and lattice dystrophy mostly undergo this treatment procedure. In this method, the eye doctor extracts the existing cornea with a special instrument known as the trephine and then the replacement is done using the donated cornea. This is one of the best and most effective treatments for corneal diseases.
Some corneal infections and dystrophies can be treated with laser therapy. A computer-controlled excimer laser is used to treat such conditions. This is the substitute treatment for transplant. In this method, the laser removes the diseased tissue from the cornea and repairs the corneal surface.
Corneal cross-linking is another method of treatment where the doctor uses ultra-violet rays to treat the disease. But this treatment is not helpful for advanced stages of corneal diseases.
Before you plan for corneal treatment make sure you discuss with your doctor and learn about the risk factors. The severity of corneal disease determines the risks and early treatment in most cases reduces the risks and complications.