When it comes to dental problems, we somehow fail to give as much attention as we should. We never feel scared of any issues to our teeth and gums, assuming that their harms are limited. This is also the reason behind our approach to oral hygiene as most of us missing brushing and flossing on a daily basis. This approach is wrong as dental problems too can pose an as big risk as other organs in the body. And secondly, there is a link between your dental and overall health. So, you should never ignore any dental problem and seek immediate dental consultation.
Here are 6 common dental problems and their treatment:
1. Tooth Decay
Tooth decay or dental caries or cavities are more or less the same problems caused by a buildup of plaque and bacteria on your teeth. In this, the bacteria in the mouth produce acids that eat away at the tooth enamel causing tiny holes which later on, get bigger if not treated. Maintaining superior oral hygiene can help you minimize the risk of tooth decay. For cavities, you need to get them filled and repaired by a trained dentist. Some of the treatment options for cavities may include filling or a crown. If in some cases, a tooth extraction is also not ruled out.
2. Gum Disease
Gum disease or periodontitis is basically a bacterial infection caused by the gradual buildup of plaque in the mouth. When this disease strikes anyone, their gum tissue and ligaments are eaten away by the bacteria, therefore, loosening the grip of teeth in place. Periodontitis can be revered with better oral hygiene and timely dental treatment. But you the problem is allowed to advance, then it may not be treated and there will be a risk of tooth decay. So, if your gums bleed frequently, you should consult a dentist and get the treatment started.
3. Tooth Infection
Tooth infection may happen to those who have cavities, or deep tooth fracture or crack. In this, the root of a tooth gets infected paving away for bacteria to fill up there. This is how the nerves and pulp of the tooth get damaged, making the tooth to become dead, if not treated timely. Root canal treatment is there for tooth infection of any severity and you can benefit from that. Such a treatment focus on preserving the tooth structure by not allowing bacteria to enter the root. This is how the tooth gets vigor and strength.
4. Enamel Degradation
Enamel degradation is common to those in the habit of eating and drinking without any care. Consuming too much of sugar-laced snacks or cola drinks can wear down the enamel and make it look stained. Any foods and drinks high in acid content can lead to enamel degradation and you should stay away from such stuff. To treat this problem, your dentist may go for bonding support as options are limited where the enamel has worn away. If the problem has reached to a serious level, the dentist then can only repair the damage as much he/she could.
5. Dry Mouth
Dry mouth is a dental problem caused by a lack of saliva in the mouth. This problem can be caused either due to bad food choices or as side-effects of some medications. When your mouth turns dry, there is always a risk of the gums and teeth not getting sufficient hydration. As a result, teeth will not benefit from the anti-bacterial properties of saliva causing bacteria growth and plaque-build up. This will also hinder the natural way of scrubbing away food particles and bacteria from the mouth. There is no standard treatment available for the problem but drinking plenty of water and chewing sugar-free gum can help a lot.
TMJ or Temporomandibular Joint Disorder is a complex dental problem which can lead to clenching and grinding of teeth during sleep. Stress is a major reason behind this problem and in fact, its cause is less physical and more emotional in nature. This problem, if not treated early, can wear away the tooth surface and may also cause severe pain in the neck, jaw, and face. Mouth guards are used for the treatment of TMJ. And if there is some dental alignment concern, you can go for long island invisalign and get the right treatment.